GMAT is divided into four major sections
1) Integrated reasoning section
The Integrated Reasoning (IR) is the newest embellishment to the evolving GMAT exam. Integrated Reasoning section is included as the replacement of the analysis of issue section and is of the same 30 minute duration. IR section is now an integral part of every GMAT w.e.f, June 05, 2012.
As per the GMAC, the IR section tests the ability of the applicant to
the information presented to him.
The IR section will consist of 12 questions that need to be attempted within the time frame of 30 minutes. The information for question could be provided in combinations of various data interpretation formats, such as text, tables, graphs, pie charts etc. The section tests the applicant’s basic data interpretation skills based on various Quantitative/ verbal concepts.
Please note that-
a) The score of this section will not be added to your usual GMAT score, i.e it is scored separately on a scale of 1-8 with 1 point increment.
b) The student will have access to a basic calculator during the IR section which will be revoked during the usual quantitative section.
c) The section will not be computer adaptive.
2) Verbal section
The verbal section can be further divided into three types of multiple-choice questions :
a) Reading Comprehension Questions
Reading Comprehension passages are up to 350 words long. Topics contain material from the social sciences, physical or biological sciences, and business-related areas (marketing, economics, human resource management, etc.).
Because the Reading Comprehension section of the GMAT exam includes passages from several different content areas, you may be generally familiar with some of the material; however, no specific knowledge of the material is required. All questions are to be answered on the basis of what is stated or implied in the reading material.
Reading Comprehension passages are accompanied by interpretive, applied, and inferential questions.
b) Critical Reasoning Questions
Critical reasoning questions are designed to test the reasoning skills involved in
Evaluating arguments &
Formulating or evaluating a plan of action.
c) Sentence Correction Questions
Sentence correction questions ask you to recognize and potentially correct at least one of the following grammar rules. However, these rules are not exhaustive.
Agreement – Noun –verb agreement, Pronoun agreement
Diction – Among/between, As/like, Mass and count words, Pronouns
Grammatical Construction – Fragments, Run – on sentences, Constructions
Idiom – Prepositions, Correlatives, Forms of comparison
Logical Predication – Modification problems
Verb form – Present prefect, Past perfect, Future perfect, Present progressive, Past progressive, Future progressive, Present perfect progressive, Past perfect progressive, Future perfect progressive
3) Quantitative section
The GMAT Quantitative section measures your ability to reason quantitatively, solve quantitative problems, and interpret graphic data. Two types of multiple-choice questions are used in the Quantitative section:
Problem solving and data sufficiency questions are intermingled throughout the Quantitative section. Both types of questions require basic knowledge of:
Commonly known concepts of geometry
4) AWA section
The Analytical Writing Assessment section will consist of one 30-minute essay prompt asking you to analyze an argument. You must read a brief argument, analyze the reasoning behind it, and then write a critique of the argument. In this task, you are not asked to state your opinion but rather to analyze the one given. You may, for example, consider what questionable assumptions underlie the author’s thinking, what alternative explanations or counterexamples might weaken the conclusion, or what sort of evidence could help strengthen or refute the argument.
This section is also marked separately on a scale of 0-6 on 0.5 increment.